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How Does Belt Conveyor Work? What Are Its Advantages? 

by The Custom Boxes

How Does Belt Conveyor Work? What Are Its Advantages? 

Conveyors are motorized material handling systems that transport a variety of goods. Conveyors were initially developed to move commodities from ports onto ships. Still, they are now utilized in a number of sectors, including mining, agriculture, the automobile industry, and the food and beverage sector. 

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By accelerating the movement of goods over vast distances, reducing the need for human labor, and reducing manual handling, conveyor systems have transformed the food business. A more hygienic environment has also contributed to product safety by reducing dirt entering manufacturing areas and causing disease or contamination. 

It is necessary to understand why food processing belt conveyors were invented and their role in food production before fully appreciating their benefits. 

This post will provide a quick overview of the development of how conveyor systems work and how they improve efficiency and safety. We’ll also cover the benefits of using conveyor systems. 

How Does The Belt Conveyor System Function? 

Designing a conveyor system often involves stretching a belt between pulleys. Two or more pulleys are available here. 

 

The belt can frequently rotate by forming a closed loop around the pulleys. The driving pulley is one of the pulleys that powers the belt, which carries the objects from one location to another. A rotor often powers the drive pulley and belt in conveyor systems. The friction between the two faces keeps the belt attached to the rotor. 

There should be a similar rotation path between the idler and the drive pulley for the belt to rotate properly, either clockwise or counterclockwise. While conventional conveyor systems, such as moving walkways and grocery store conveyors, are straight, sometimes a unit has to turn to transport items. 

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Special cone-shaped wheels and rotors allow the belt to track a bend or twist without becoming twisted. 

 

Types of Conveyors 

There is a huge variety in the shapes and materials of conveyors. To select the appropriate conveyor for the work, it is crucial to determine your needs and requirements before looking for a specific conveyor system. 

Here are some of them: 

  • Chain Belt Conveyors 

Conveyors with chain belts are built to move a lot of items. They are typically seen on factory floors and waste disposal locations. 

  • Steel Belt Conveyors 

There are two different designs for steel belt conveyors. The famous piano hinge is the first, and the steel apron is the second. These conveyors make it simple to move up to 20 to 50 tons of weight each hour.  

For the best results, they are frequently utilized in conjunction with compactors. 

  • Slider Bed Conveyors 

Slider bed conveyors are employed when the steel belt is too thick, and the chain belt is insufficient. Their capacity ranges from one ton to fifteen tons. The sliding bed conveyor system can be the best option for you if you work in the transportation industry. 

How Conveyor Systems Can Benefit Processing 

It is hardly surprising that technology and conveyor systems have brought positive advances to various sectors. Here are the top pros of using conveyor systems in the food industry: 

 

Reducing or Eliminating Manual Labor 

Before the invention of conveyor systems, goods were moved manually from one level to another. Companies had to spend much on labor expenditures since it needed to be more active and laborious. Producers can cut employment costs associated with recruiting, pay, benefits, training, and employee retention by using the appropriate conveyor system. 

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Conveyor systems enable the automatic movement of items across large distances and sometimes uneven terrain. Conveyors can carry finished goods onto packing lines, move raw materials from storage to production lines, move things into various storage facilities, and convey packed goods to delivery. 

Increasing Productivity and Efficiency 

Conveyors allow materials to be moved between levels quickly, saving time. It is beneficial to be able to transport materials in multiple directions when transferring them between opposing ends of a processing plant. Modern conveyor systems do away with manual material unloading. Thus, there is also no need to waste time watching personnel and unloads. 

To mass produce automobiles, Henry Ford was one of the first businessmen to implement a moving assembly line in 1913. With this invention, he cut the time needed to construct the automobile from more than 12 hours to just 1.5 hours! Imagine the heights of production you could attain with today’s conveyor systems! 

Due to the speed controls on conveyors, materials travel at the best pace possible, minimizing waste or material loss. 

Ensure Food Safety and Uphold High Standards 

The food industry benefits more from certain conveyors than others. For instance, tubular drag conveyor systems are specifically made to carry food products safely and effectively while being free of dust and contamination. Equipment used to handle products and materials must be simple to maintain and devoid of pollutants that could affect food and drink. 

Most food ingredients that fit within a tube can be moved using cable tube conveyor systems, including small, powdered, hygienic, and delicate materials. Tubular drag cable and disc conveyor systems vary because they use a separate mechanism to retain goods between the discs inside an enclosed tube. 

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Bottom Line 

The original purpose of conveyor systems was to reduce the time needed to carry materials from point A to point B and free people from physically demanding manual labor.  

Conveyor systems have improved throughout the years and now offer more features. Conveyors are great investments because they allow businesses to reduce labor expenses, increase productivity, and maintain high standards for food quality.